Simple Eye Terms Everyone Should Know 

Eye health is a huge, overarching subject that encompasses an array of terms and definitions. It can be a bit overwhelming to hear and try to understand so many unique definitions, especially if they don’t necessarily define your current situation with your eyes and their health and wellness. However, for your future and current benefit, it’s important to understand some of the basics. These common eye terms are likely to become relevant to you or those around you during your lifetime, so it’s valuable to understand what they mean now. 

Eye Exam 

An eye exam is a quick and easy way for an optometrist to evaluate the health and condition of your eyes. Eye exams consist of several quick and non-intrusive tests and should be performed once every two years for the average adult. 


An optician’s job is to ensure that your eyeglasses or contact lenses are working for you. This includes ensuring that your eyewear fits properly, answering any questions you may have, and ensuring that your prescription is properly filled. 


Your optometrist is your primary eye healthcare provider. They take on the majority of your day-to-day eye health tasks including eye exams, diagnosing eye illnesses and conditions, writing prescriptions, and referring you to specialists.  


An ophthalmologist is an eye surgeon who specializes in specialty eye care. If you’re going to see an ophthalmologist, it’s usually for a higher level of eye care like treating severe eye diseases or performing eye surgery.

Astigmatism (Myopia) – Nearsighted

Nearsightedness, also known as Myopia, refers to when an individual has difficulty seeing things that are in the distance. This usually occurs when an individual has an elongated or overly-curved cornea.  

Farsighted (Hyperopia) – Farsighted

Farsightedness, or hyperopia, refers to when an individual has difficulty seeing things that are close to their face. This is usually caused by corneas that are not curved properly. 

Mixed Astigmatism 

Mixed astigmatism is when an eye that is both nearsighted and farsighted, because light is hitting both in front of and behind the retina.


Cataracts refer to when a vital part of the eye–the lens–becomes cloudy, hindering the eye’s ability to take in light, and in turn, focus. 


Bifocals have two prescriptions in one lens separated by a clear line. This allows the wearers to look through the top half of the lens to see distance and the bottom half of the lens to see closely. 


Trifocal lenses refer to three corrective lenses in one to help correct an individual’s ability to see at immediate, near, and far distances. The varying lenses can be laid differently to ensure the wearer’s comfort. 

Progressive Lenses 

Progressive lenses are similar to bifocals in their ability to help the wearer see multiple distances from one lens. However, progressive lenses have more of a seamless transition between lens adjustments, preventing a sense of disorientation that sometimes bifocal lenses provide. 

Toric Lenses 

Toric contact lenses are designed for individuals with a curved cornea or lens in their eyes, causing blurry vision. The shape and prescription of toric lenses help to correct and soothe the issues that arise from a curved cornea. 

Contact Lenses

Contact lenses are a great option for those who need corrective eyewear but are not interested in wearing glasses every day. With their own prescription and several styles and options, so long as they’re well cared-for contact lenses are a great choice for many people.  

Dry Eye Syndrome  

Dry eye syndrome occurs when your eyes don’t or can’t produce enough tears to keep the surface of your cornea wet. This can cause extreme irritation, itching, redness, and pain even from simply blinking. 


Photokeratitis is essentially a sunburn to the surface of the eye. It occurs when your eyes are exposed to sunlight without protection for prolonged periods of time. To avoid Photokeratitis, it’s important to protect your eyes from the sun by wearing sunglasses and staying inside when necessary. 

Snow Blindness 

Snow blindness refers to eye damage that occurs during the winter months when sunlight is refracted from snow and ice into the eyes. Preventing snow blindness can be done by wearing a pair of sunglasses during the winter.

Macular Degeneration 

Macular Degeneration, Age-Related Macular Degeneration, or AMD, occurs when the age of an individual begins to take its toll on their macula, causing degradation of the macula and increasingly blurred vision for the individual.  


A macula is an oval and yellowish area surrounding the fovea near the centre of the retina. 


The cornea is a transparent layer on the eye that covers both the pupil and the iris. The cornea allows for light to pass through the eye to help you see. 


The pupil is the dark, round opening at the centre of the iris. It changes in size depending on the amount of light surrounding it. 


A fovea is a small pit in the centre of the macula that provides the clearest possible point of vision. 


The iris is the coloured part of your eye. The term refers to a flat, round, and colourful ring-shaped membrane that sits behind the cornea. The iris has an adjustable opening called the pupil.


A retina is a layer at the back of the eye that has cells that are sensitive to light. These cells trigger nerve endings and pass information to the optic nerve, and thus, the brain. 

Do you have more questions about eye health?  Come speak with one of our and eye health experts? 
Visit your local Hakim Optical Store! 

Hakim Optical has provided Canadians with quality corrective lenses at a value that can’t be beat for over 55 years. Our knowledgeable staff and optometrists are here to help you find an eyewear solution tailored specifically to you. 

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Popular Autumn Frames 

At Hakim Optical, our goal is to help Canadian shoppers find fun, stylish–and even flirty– glasses for every occasion. When Autumn comes around, we’re eager to help our customers find beautiful, functional, and affordable frames to express their own personal style while meeting the timeless essence of the fall. For our 2022 Hakim fall style guide, we want to share a few of our fall frame favourites!


Regardless of your gender, complexion, hair colour, or face shape, these gorgeous BLING frames should be on your go-to fall frames list. Oversized, round, and statement-making screams autumn personality! These gorgeous gold, rounded frames with delicate sparkling arms remind us of the golds and the elegance of autumn. Dress these frames up with a more extravagant outfit for a night on the town, or dress them down with a pair of leggings and boots. Wherever you choose to wear them, you’ll find you’re bringing the beauty of fall into your style.


Bring back the beauty of the autumns of yesteryear with these gorgeous vintage-inspired IVORY frames. These warm-toned, half-gold and half-clear frames aren’t just beautiful and eye-catching, they’re classics! Just like watching a spooky movie or carving pumpkins, these glasses scream “autumn”! We recommend these frames for those who have a vintage aesthetic that they’d like to match, or for those who are ready to set a modern-meets-classic trend. Find your own unique style this fall with these gorgeous IVORY frames or a pair just like them at Hakim Optical!

Fashion and Style Inspiration

Looking for some real-world inspiration on how to style your Hakim Optical frames? Look no further than this section of our 2022 Hakim Fall Style Guide! Some of our friends online are showing us how they chose to style their new glasses, and we must say: they look amazing! Find your fall inspiration here!


Here you can see our friend and brand ambassador Kassandra wearing some of our gorgeous simple rounded gold frames. This look paired with a warm sweater and a cup of tea really bring the fall style together. Kassandra’s styling proves that you can make even the most simple and classic frames an autumn statement piece, especially when you choose warm, soft colours that bring the beauty of the season forward.


Our friend and brand ambassador Justin Walls always knows how to show up looking great! Justin is wearing all neutrals with a pair of traditional thin-framed glasses. With dark frames and large lenses, these glasses are not subtle but they don’t take focus away from his face or his style. In this picture, Justin is showing how to dress in a masculine and stylish way that shows us all how the basics will always be timeless, especially in a fashion-forward season like Autumn!

Sunglasses are for all Year Long!

Just because summer is over doesn’t mean that you should retire the sunglasses! On the contrary, with summer coming to an end, you should invest in a pair of stylish and affordable autumn sunglasses! As harmful UV rays are always present–even through autumn and winter–finding your sunglasses style now is very important. Just ask our friend Kiki (@/KiKiKhosa), who has truly shown the beauty of sunglasses and autumn attire!

Take Advantage of the Newest Fall Sale!

At Hakim Optical, we love a good deal! What’s even better than a good deal, however, is being able to pass on good deals to our loyal Canadian customers. Every season we come up with a way to save our customers money, and with the 2022 Hakim Fall Style Guide in full swing now is a great time to remind our customers what we have to offer!

Save when you buy 4 90-packs of Acuvue Moist Contacts

Contact Lens Sale 

Whether you wear glasses, contact lenses, or a mix of both, Hakim has got you covered with ongoing contact lens sales and promotions! Currently, when you buy 4 90-packs of Acuvue contact lenses, you will instantly save $50. Plus, take advantage of a mail-in rebate for another $40 back!

Looking for the perfect pair of glasses for the fall?
Find your nearest Hakim Optical Store today! 

Hakim Optical has provided Canadians with quality corrective lenses at a value that can’t be beat for over 55 years. Our knowledgeable staff and optometrists are here to help you find an eyewear solution tailored specifically to you. 

Follow us on Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter